Hegemony


Hegemony
   A key concept developed by Antonio Gramsci in his Prison Notebooks (1929–1935), hegemony refers to the domination achieved by a ruling class through force and, more importantly, through moral and intellectual leadership and alliances with other classes in what Gramsci calls a “historic bloc.” For Gramsci, ideology plays at least as important a role in maintaining the rule of the bourgeoisie as does force. Schools, churches and the media are key institutions in the creation of consent to bourgeois rule. The implications of Gramsci’s notion of hegemony include a key role for intellectuals both on the side of the bourgeoisie in developing and propagating an ideology that engenders consent, and on the side of the proletariat in disputing bourgeois ideas and developing an alternative. Hegemony also implies an expanded notion of the state as an institution that is more than simply an instrument of repression, and a greater significance attributed to the arena of civil society where much of the ideological struggle for hegemony takes place.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Hegemony — (pronEng|hɨˈdʒɛməni (Amer.), IPA|/hɨˈɡɛməni/ (Brit.)) [Clive Upton, Wiliam A. Kretzschmar, Rafal Konopka: Oxford Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English . Oxford University Press, 2001] ( el. ἡγεμονία hēgemonía ) is a concept that has… …   Wikipedia

  • Hegemony — He*gem o*ny, n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? guide, leader, fr. ? to go before.] Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates. Lieber. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hegemony — I noun ascendance, ascendancy, authority, command, control, directorship, dominance, domination, dominion, governance, headship, importance, influence, lawful authority, leadership, lordship, mastery, paramountcy, power, predominance,… …   Law dictionary

  • hegemony — 1560s, from Gk. hegemonia leadership, a leading the way, a going first; also the authority or sovereignty of one city state over a number of others, as Athens in Attica, Thebes in Boeotia; from hegemon leader, from hegeisthai to lead, perhaps… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hegemony — meaning ‘political leadership of a group of states’, is pronounced hi jem ǝ ni or hi gem ǝ ni, with the g either hard or soft and with the stress on the second syllable …   Modern English usage

  • hegemony — ► NOUN ▪ dominance, especially by one state or social group over others. DERIVATIVES hegemonic adjective. ORIGIN Greek h gemonia, from h gem n leader …   English terms dictionary

  • hegemony — [hi jem′ə nē; hej′ə mō΄nē, hē′jəmō΄nē] n. pl. hegemonies [Gr hēgemonia, leadership < hēgemōn, leader < hēgeisthai, to lead, go on ahead < IE base * sāg , to track down > SAKE1, SEEK] leadership or dominance, esp. that of one state or… …   English World dictionary

  • hegemony — This concept is to be understood in the context of Karl Marx s historical materialism. It refers to the ideal representation of the interests of the ruling class as universal interests. The cumulative nature of the universalization of ideas not… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • hegemony — noun Etymology: Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn leader, from hēgeisthai to lead more at seek Date: 1567 1. preponderant influence or authority over others ; domination < battled for hegemony in Asia > 2. the social, cultural, ideological, or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hegemony — noun /hɪˈɡɛm.ə.ni,hɪˈdʒəm.ə.ni,həˈdʒɛm.ə.ni,ˈhɛdʒ.(ə).moʊ.ni/ a) Domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by one political group over a society or by one nation over others. ie: internationally among nation states, and… …   Wiktionary